Thought for the Month (October 2013)
In place of a Pastoral Letter from either our Ministers or one of our regular contributing elders this month, as Sunday 27th October marks Reformation Sunday – the Sunday nearest 31st October when, in 1517, Martin Luther nailed his theses on the door of a Roman Catholic chapel in Wittenberg, protesting at the erroneous doctrines of the Church of Rome – I hope I shall be forgiven for including the following article by Robert Rothwell of the American-based Ligonier Ministries.
What Is Reformation Day?
At the time, few would have suspected that the sound of a hammer striking the castle church door in Wittenberg, Germany, would soon be heard around the world and lead ultimately to the greatest transformation of Western society since the apostles first preached the Gospel throughout the Roman empire. Martin Luther's nailing of his ninety-five theses to the church door on October 31, 1517, provoked a debate that culminated finally in what we now call the Protestant Reformation.
An heir of Bishop Augustine of Hippo, Martin Luther (pictured right) is one of the most significant figures God has raised up since that time. This law student turned Augustinian monk became the centre of a great controversy after his theses were copied and distributed throughout Europe. Initially protesting the Pope's attempt to sell salvation, Luther's study of Scripture soon led him to oppose the Church of Rome on issues including the primacy of the Bible over church tradition and the means by which we are found righteous in the sight of God.
This last issue is probably Luther's most significant contribution to Christian theology. Though preached clearly in the New Testament and found in the writings of many of the church fathers, the medieval bishops and priests had largely forgotten the truth that our own good works can by no means merit God's favour. Salvation is by grace alone through faith alone, and good works result from our faith, they are not added to it as the grounds for our right standing in the Lord's eyes (Ephesians 2:8–10). Justification, God's declaration that we are not guilty, forgiven of sin, and righteous in His sight comes because through our faith alone the Father imputes, or reckons to our account, the perfect righteousness of Christ (2 Corinthians 5:21).
Martin Luther's rediscovery of this truth led to a whole host of other church and societal reforms. Much of what we take for granted in the West would have likely been impossible had he never graced the scene. Luther's translation of the Bible into German put the Word of God in the hands of the people, and today Scripture is available in the vernacular language of many countries, enabling lay people to study it with profit. He reformed the Latin mass by putting the liturgy in the common tongue so that non-scholars could hear and understand the preached word of God and worship the Lord with clarity. Luther lifted the unbiblical ban on marriage for the clergy and, by his own teaching and example, radically transformed the institution itself. He recaptured the biblical view of the priesthood of all believers, showing all people that their work had purpose and dignity because in it they can serve their Creator.
Today, Luther's legacy lives on in the creeds and confessions of Protestant bodies worldwide. As we consider his importance this Reformation Day, let us equip ourselves to be knowledgeable proclaimers and defenders of Biblical truth. May we be eager to preach the Gospel of God to the world and thereby spark a new reformation of church and culture.
God bless you all
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